The Alemanni were a confederation of German tribes from the 3rd century, the name itself indicates this as it means ‘(made from) all (Germanic)men’. While they occupied the left bank of the Rhine, they were not particularly active in the “fall” of the Roman Empire. But they quickly became targets of Clovis, who later became as result of this victory the first Christian King of the Franks, who defeated them in 496 and 505. Henceforth, until annexation by Charlemagne in 806, they were dependents of the Franks. Even the local soccer club in Bad Aachen, former capital of Charlemagne’s Frankish empire has the name ‘Alemannia’.
Their domain lost its name in the German language, but the name of the Alemanni nevertheless surives as the name for Germany itself in the Romance languages, like Allemagne in French or Aleman in Spanish. Certain areas in the South-West of Germany and Alsace-Lorrain use a German dialect called ‘Allemanisch’.
The left bank of the Rhine, which belonged to the Alemanni, became later Alsace. Alsace and Lorraine were gradually conquered by France, substantially beginning with the settlement of the Thirty Years War in 1648 (the Treaty of Westphalia).
Although annexed by Germany in 1871, Alsace has been back with France since 1918. It retains, however, many Germanic place names (Strasburg, Ensisheim, Haguenau, Hochfelden, Altkirch, and many more) and many native German speakers.
Kings of the Alemanni
annexed by the Franks